Modified on Wed, 07 Jul 2021 at 09:48 AM

Why we need validation

As we author the structured data in our websites, we want to know immediately if the markup is valid. If you don’t know you have invalid markup at the time you’re authoring then you either you may never find out, you will test it manually or it will come out in the Google Search Console report. Either way, you must go back to edit what you created, losing valuable time. Moreover, incorrect data may cause your content to be categorized for wrong search queries, having a direct impact on your search performance.

Below are four different categories of structured data validation:

  • Domain & Range Validation of properties, these often have restrictions of expected types. They may include expected classes, like a is used with Organization and expects a Person. They may also expect primitive values (e.g. text, number, date), like expects is used with Thing and expects a text value. Examples shown below:
  • Product Feature Validation is specific to enable product features, such as Google’s rich snippets. Google documents rich snippets and each of those features have requirements, e.g. Product rich snippet requires
  • Generally Accepted Schema,org Principles [GASP] is what I’m terming the commonly accepted validation rules that apply to everyone’s data. For example, everyone can agree upon constraints for schema: Person (examples credit of W3C Shapes Constraint Language Use Cases):
    • Children must be born after the parent
    • Children cannot contain cycles (e.g children of an ancestor)
    • deathDate must be after birthDate
  • Domain Specific Validation of model is constraints on the data model that are specific to your industry, company and where no consensus in GASP, this is where you apply your own rules for your data

How are they applied?

In Schema App, we apply the first three categories of structured data validation as you create your markup. The Domain / Range validation is built into the tool so that you cannot create the wrong data. Product Feature validation in Schema App is available to our paid users. We have gone through Google’s documentation and built in rules that check your data as you create it.

To prevent this:

You will get warnings when you try to save your data: 

GASP Validation

GASP validation rules are those Schema App have determine apply to everyone and are included in paid user validation. The more we use structured data, the more validation rules will emerge and be applied to all customers. We would like to collaborate on these with the industry so that we can actually open source the constraints. If you’re also interested in collaborating contact Mark.

Domain Specific Validation

While not included in our tool, we can include custom validation rules that are specific to your organization. It takes some work to define, implement and test your rules, but once they’re ready it is easy to also include in your application.

Was this article helpful?

That’s Great!

Thank you for your feedback

Sorry! We couldn't be helpful

Thank you for your feedback

Let us know how can we improve this article!

Select atleast one of the reasons

Feedback sent

We appreciate your effort and will try to fix the article